Muscle Cramps First Aid

Muscle Cramps First Aid

What is Muscle Cramps? What are the causes, symptoms, treatment and it`s prevention? Who are at the risks of Muscle cramps?

Definition of Muscle Cramps:
  • Muscle cramps are unexpected, involuntary constrictions that happen in different muscles. These constrictions are painful and can influence different muscles.
  • You can also call it sudden contractions or spasms of muscle.
  • It may last for few seconds to several minutes.
It happens often in the:
  • Arms.
  • Hands.
  • Thigh.
  • Feet.
  • Abdomen.
  • Ribcage area.
  • Neck.
What are the Causes of Muscle Cramps?
  • Dehydration.
  • Improper blood supply to muscles.
  • Due to some medicines.
  • Dialysis.
  • During Pregnancy.
  • Dehydration.
  • Straining of muscles.
  • Over burden to muscles.
  • Low levels of electrolytes.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Spinal Nerve compression.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Kidney Failure.
  • Sometimes it is unknown.
Muscle Cramps of Neck, Back, Leg and Abdomen
Muscle Cramps of Neck, Back, Leg and Abdomen
Diagnosis of Muscle Cramps:

In most of the cases it is temporarily and does not need any medical treatment. But in case it is severe and prolonged then you should take medical treatment by visiting your doctor.

  • Physical examination or consultation by doctor.
  • Through Blood test by checking potassium and calcium level.
  • Test of muscle activity (Electromyography).
  • MRI in case of spinal cord.
Symptoms of Muscle Cramps:
  • Sharp pain.
  • Difficulty in movement.
  • Harden of muscle tissues.
Who is at risk of Muscle Cramps?

Anyone may have muscle cramps, But it is more common in some people,

  • Older Adults.
  • Obese People.
  • Pregnant woman.
  • Athletes.
  • Person having thyroid and nerve disorders.
Treatment of Muscle Cramps or Muscle Cramps First Aid:
  • Heating pad.
  • Gently massage muscles.
  • A cold cloth massage.
  • A hot cloth compress.
  • Ice compress.
  • You can take muscle relaxer, anti-inflammatory medication after prescription of doctor.
  • Supplements in case of calcium and potassium low levels.

It releases pain of Muscle Cramps.

How to prevent Muscle Cramps:
  • Stretch or warm up before sports and exercise.
  • Make yourself hydrated.
  • Maintain intake of calcium and potassium.
  • Vitamin supplements after consulting doctor if required.
  • Never exercise after having food.
  • Lower intake of caffeine containing foods such as chocolate, coffee.