Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – CPR
Definition of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR):
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving method that is helpful in numerous emergencies. For example, a heart attack or close suffocating, in which somebody’s breathing or heartbeat has halted.
- CPR is most commonly needed when someone goes into cardiac arrest (a heart attack) without notice, or they are choking on something and need assistance in breathing.
- Below are methods to deal with situations till medical help arrives.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – CPR For Adults:
- Check whether victim for unconsciousness.
- If it is so call on emergency contact number and come back to victim.
- Emergency attended can help you in CPR.
- Tilt the head back and check for breathing.
- If not breathing, give artificial respiration by mouth and look for chest rise.
- Give it 2 times, each for 2 seconds.
- If still not breathing, start chest compressions.
- Push down on the chest 11/2 to 2 inches, 15 times right between chest.
- Repeat it 100 times per second.
- Continue with 2 breaths and 15 chest compressions till medical help arrives.
CPR for Children of age 1-8:
- It is same to performing quick CPR for adults.
- Below is the difference in case of children.
- Use one hand for chest compression.
- Compression should be deep to 1 to 1.5 inches.
- Follow 1 breath with 5 compressions.
CPR for Infants:
- Tap gently on child shoulder and shout.
- If no response, laid the child on his neck.
- Open the airway with head tilt, ensure not to stretch heath too far backside.
- Give 2 breaths.
- If no response, again give 2 gentle breaths. Each breath should be of 1.5 to 2 seconds and check chest rise along with it.
- Give 5 compressions at the rate of 100 per minute.
- Use your third and fourth finger at the centre of chest and below 0.5 inch below nipples. Compress down only 0.5 to 1 inch.
- Repeat 1 breath 5 compressions. After 1 min call emergency helpline.
- If observe pulses, give 1 breath every 3 seconds and stop chest compressions.
Remember below things;
- C: Compressions.
- A: Airway.
- B: Breathing.
Complication may arise due to CPR:
- Aspiration and Vomiting.
- Myocardial Injury.
- Broken Ribs Bone.
- Spleen Injury.
- Internal Brain Injuries.
- Abdominal Distension.
- Aspiration Pneumonia.
- Coronary vessel injury.
- Fracture sternum.
- Lever Lacerations.
- Fat Emboli.
- Interference with ventilation.
- Diaphragm Injury.